Articles
  • Letter to Editor|Open Access

    Acute demyelinating lesions with restricted diffusion in multiple sclerosis: a new variant?

    Sofia Markoula , Anastassia Zikou , Persephoni Margariti , Maria Argyropoulou , Athanassios P. Kyritsis
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2017;4:188-90. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2017.33
    Published on: 21 Sep 2017  | Viewed:102  | Downloaded:3
    +HTML| PDF
  • Topic: Infectious Disease of Central Nervous System|Open Access

    Advancements in diagnosis and treatment of meningeal carcinomatosis in solid cancer

    Jun-Zhao Cui , Jun-Ying He , Qing Li , Xiao-Qing Li , Rui-Ping Gao , Hui Bu , Yue-Li Zou , Xiao-Su Guo , Wei-Xin Han , Ze-Yan Zhao , Yuan-Yuan Li , Ming-Ming Zheng , Ya-Juan Liu , Li-Tian Yan
    Meningeal carcinomatosis (MC) is a disease that malignant tumor cells cultivate in the cerebrospinal fluid or meninges. With the development of therapy methods and new techniques, survival time of patients with tumor is prolonged, and the incidence of MC is increasing. Diagnosis is based on the... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2017;4:167-78. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2017.26
    Published on: 18 Sep 2017  | Viewed:505  | Downloaded:14
    +HTML| PDF
  • Original Article|Open Access

    Peripheral NK and B regulatory cell frequencies are altered with symptomatic exacerbation in generalized myasthenia gravis patients

    Xiao-Yin Lai , Meng-Cui Gui , Jing Lin , Yue Li , Xuan Luo , Long-Xuan Li , Bi-Tao Bu
    Aim: Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease, in which immunotherapy can improve symptoms for a period, but the majority of patients still experience symptomatic fluctuation or develop myasthenic crisis. This study aimed to explore the relationship between frequency of peripheral... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2017;4:179-87. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2017.29
    Published on: 18 Sep 2017  | Viewed:664  | Downloaded:17
    +HTML| PDF
  • Topic: Stroke|Open Access

    Role of neuroinflammation in ischemic stroke

    Rui Liu , Meng-Xian Pan , Jun-Chun Tang , Ya Zhang , Hua-Bao Liao , Yang Zhuang , Dan Zhao , Qi Wan
    Ischemic stroke causes the depletion of energy and induce excitotoxicity and neuroinflammation in the brain that results from thrombotic blockage. Neuroinflammation occurs initially depending on activated resident microglia that has the same function as the macrophage. Activated microglia... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2017;4:158-66. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2017.09
    Published on: 28 Aug 2017  | Viewed:2178  | Downloaded:123
    +HTML| PDF
  • Case Report|Open Access

    Cytology abnormal of cerebrospinal fluid in superficial siderosis of the central nervous system

    Cui Wang , Jian-Xia Diao , Shu-Min Li
    Superficial siderosis of the central nervous system (SSCNS) is usually caused by chronic subarachnoid hemorrhage which leads to the accumulation of hemosiderin in the subpial layers of the brain and the spinal cord. The exact clinical manifestations and T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2017;4:155-7. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2017.03
    Published on: 9 Aug 2017  | Viewed:899  | Downloaded:33
    +HTML| PDF
  • Topic: Stroke|Open Access

    Relationship of cerebral microbleeds to inflammatory marker levels

    Qiao-Li Lu , Chen Li , Ying Song , Liang Wang , Zhi-Rong Jia
    Aim: The purpose of this study is to investigate the incidence, distribution and risk factors of cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) and the relation between CMBs and inflammation in ischemic cerebrovascular disease. Methods: Two hundred and one patients without acute infarction or transient ischemic... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2017;4:145-51. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2017.05
    Published on: 8 Aug 2017  | Viewed:968  | Downloaded:36
    +HTML| PDF
  • Editorial|Open Access

    Neurocysticercosis and hippocampal damage: a causal link favored by epileptogenesis or neuroinflammation?

    Oscar H. Del Brutto , Victor J. Del Brutto
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2017;4:152-4. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2017.23
    Published on: 8 Aug 2017  | Viewed:542  | Downloaded:42
    +HTML| PDF
  • Topic: Infectious Disease of Central Nervous System|Open Access

    Developments in auxiliary examination of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

    Wei Zhao , Jiao-Jiao Jiang , Jia-Tang Zhang
    Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), which is caused by prion scrapie protein, is a rare, chronic, transmissible and fatal disease. Clinical manifestations of CJD include rapidly progressive dementia, cerebellar ataxia, visual disturbance, as well as pyramidal and extrapyramidal tract signs. Four... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2017;4:136-44. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2017.01
    Published on: 21 Jul 2017  | Viewed:700  | Downloaded:60
    +HTML| PDF
  • Original Article|Open Access

    Analysis of clinical data of viral encephalitis patients complicated with epilepsy during the acute phase

    Shi-Ying Chen , Wei Ma , Yan-Yan Chen , Xue-Wen Fan
    Aim: To compare the difference between viral encephalitis patients complicated with epilepsy group and those without epilepsy. Methods: The authors retrospectively study 116 cases of viral encephalitis patients admitted to the General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University and the... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2017;4:124-31. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2017.17
    Published on: 11 Jul 2017  | Viewed:1789  | Downloaded:75
    +HTML| PDF
  • Commentary|Open Access

    Hot topics of autoimmune encephalitis

    Ying Peng , Jia-Wei Wang
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2017;4:132-5. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2016.50
    Published on: 11 Jul 2017  | Viewed:702  | Downloaded:90
    +HTML| PDF
  • Review|Open Access

    The association between human cytomegalovirus and glioblastomas: a review

    Christian B. Hochhalter , Christopher Carr , Brannan E. O’Neill , Marcus L. Ware , Michael J. Strong
    Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) was reported in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) over a decade ago and this finding has the potential to increase our understanding of the disease and it offers an alternative tumor-specific therapeutic target. Due of this promise, there is a fair amount of time, energy... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2017;4:96-108. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2017.10
    Published on: 16 Jun 2017  | Viewed:2894  | Downloaded:137
    +HTML| PDF
  • Minireview|Open Access

    How are necroptosis, immune dysfunction, and motoneuron death connected in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis?

    Jian-Feng Liu , Ou-Xiang Zheng , Jun-Guo Xin , Hannah H. Chen , John J. Xin
    Abnormal immune response/inflammation is present in patients of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Autoimmune-related inflammation has been thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of ALS. However, how the abnormal immune responses are initiated, what specific immune cells and how these... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2017;4:109-16. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2017.12
    Published on: 16 Jun 2017  | Viewed:1462  | Downloaded:101
    +HTML| PDF
  • Case Report|Open Access

    Thymoma-associated panencephalitis: a newly emerging paraneoplastic neurologic syndrome

    Lynda Adaobi Nwabuobi , Jacob Christian Pellinen , Thomas Mark Wisniewski
    Recently, a few case reports of thymoma-associated panencephalitis (TAPE) have brought to light a disease entity that has not been fully characterized. Literature review of TAPE reveals an array of associated neuronal antibodies, with varied responses to thymomectomy with or without... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2017;4:117-23. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2016.53
    Published on: 16 Jun 2017  | Viewed:539  | Downloaded:40
    +HTML| PDF
  • Case Report|Open Access

    Miller-Fischer syndrome after etanercept

    Elena Grebenciucova , John H. Pula
    The authors describe a case of Miller-Fischer syndrome, a rare demyelinating syndrome, preceded by a viral prodrome and three doses of etanercept, an anti-tumor necrosis factor α (anti-TNFα) agent. Anti-TNFα agents are associated with an induction of episodes of demyelination and may unmask... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2017;4:93-5. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2016.48
    Published on: 23 May 2017  | Viewed:571  | Downloaded:63
    +HTML| PDF
  • Topic: Stroke|Open Access

    When friend turns foe: central and peripheral neuroinflammation in central nervous system injury

    Paul Marcet , Nicole Santos , Cesar V. Borlongan
    Injury to the central nervous system (CNS) is common, and though it has been well studied, many aspects of traumatic brain injury (TBI) and stroke are poorly understood. TBI and stroke are two pathologic events that can cause severe, immediate impact to the neurostructure and function of the CNS,... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2017;4:82-92. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2017.07
    Published on: 17 May 2017  | Viewed:1773  | Downloaded:139
    +HTML| PDF
  • Case Report|Open Access

    A case report of anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor autoimmune encephalitis with sensory attack. Is limbic encephalitis only “limbic”?

    Sheng Chen , Xiao-Jie Zhang , Meng-Sha Yao , Xing-Hua Luan , Fei Yuan , Jun Liu , Shu-Feng Chen , Chen-Fei Jia , Sheng-Di Chen
    To emphasize the early diagnosis and treatment of anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor (NMDAR) autoimmune encephalitis, a rare clinical condition, teratoma-related, anti-NMDAR encephalitis should be suspected if young patients present with psychiatric, movement, and sensory symptoms. Early... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2017;4:78-81. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2016.39
    Published on: 10 May 2017  | Viewed:1511  | Downloaded:61
    +HTML| PDF
  • Review|Open Access

    Neuroimaging of corpus callosum in central nervous system demyelinating disorders

    Masoud Etemadifar , Amir Neshatfar , Amir Arsalan Zamani , Mehri Salari
    Corpus callosum (CC) is the largest white matter structure in the brain, consisting of 200-250 million contralateral axonal projections. It is the major commissural pathway connecting the hemispheres of human brain. The pathology of CC includes wide variety of entities that arise from different... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2017;4:69-77. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2017.02
    Published on: 27 Apr 2017  | Viewed:1440  | Downloaded:84
    +HTML| PDF
  • Short Communication|Open Access

    Trends in neurology fellowship training

    Jordan S.A. Williams , Trent S. Hodgson , Fernando D. Goldenberg , Rimas V. Lukas
    Aim: A need for Neurologists exists in the US. The majority of Neurology residency graduates go on to additional subspecialty training. Methods: Data from the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education from 2001-2014 and the United Council for Neurologic Subspecialties from was analyzed... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2017;4:65-8. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2017.11
    Published on: 18 Apr 2017  | Viewed:1870  | Downloaded:82
    +HTML| PDF
  • Case Report|Open Access

    Two cases of Guillain-Barré syndrome after cerebral hemorrhage or head trauma

    Huan Jia , Ye Tian , Yan-Min Wu , Bin Li
    Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is an uncommon disease involving widespread peripheral nerve inflammatory demyelination which results in ascending symmetrical limb paralysis and areflexia. Approximately 2/3 of cases occurred following a simple, trivial antecedent infection. In northern China,... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2017;4:61-4. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2016.51
    Published on: 12 Apr 2017  | Viewed:843  | Downloaded:82
    +HTML| PDF
  • Topic: Infectious Disease of Central Nervous System|Open Access

    Developing an international consensus guidance for myasthenia gravis using RAND/UCLA appropriateness method

    Wei-Bin Liu , Hao Ran , Chuang-Yi Ou , Li Qiu , Zhi-Dong Huang , Zhong-Qiang Lin , Yin-Kai Li , Xiao-Xi Liu , Hao Huang , Wei Fang
    Aim: Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a rare and heterogeneous disease for which there is no generally accepted standard of care. Thus, it is critical that MG experts develop consensus guidelines based on their practice and disease management to assist clinicians and provide advice for insurance... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2017;4:54-60. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2016.47
    Published on: 30 Mar 2017  | Viewed:907  | Downloaded:67
    +HTML| PDF
  • Topic: Stroke|Open Access

    Cerebral ischemia at early postoperative period of direct revascularization for moyamoya disease: a case report and literature review

    Xiao-Lin Chen , Li Ma , Yu Chen , Jun-Lin Lu , Xun Ye , Rong Wang , Yuan-Li Zhao
    Hypoperfusion and hyperperfusion could be causes of early postoperative complications that lead to neurological deterioration in patients with moyamoya diseases (MMD) after superficial temporal artery (STA) and middle cerebral artery (MCA) anastomosis. Here, the authors described a case of... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2017;4:46-53. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2017.04
    Published on: 24 Mar 2017  | Viewed:1416  | Downloaded:102
    +HTML| PDF
  • Original Article|Open Access

    Prenatal zinc supplementation to lipopolysaccharide infected female rats prevents neurochemical, behavioral and biochemical deficits produced in infants

    Neha Sharma , Palvi Arora , Bimla Nehru
    Aim: Recent research revealed an association between maternal infection i.e. lipopolysaccharide (LPS) exposure during pregnancy and increased risk for central nervous system disorders being passed onto the off-spring. Therefore, the present study was designed to investigate the effect of LPS... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2017;4:33-45. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2016.38
    Published on: 21 Mar 2017  | Viewed:1527  | Downloaded:85
    +HTML| PDF
  • Topic: Infectious Disease of Central Nervous System|Open Access

    A review with comments on herpes simplex encephalitis in adults

    Xu-Zheng Zuo , Wei-Ju Tang , Xiu-Ying Chen , Wen Huang
    Herpes simplex encephalitis (HSE) can cause permanent injury to the brain parenchyma. As such, it is usually treated as a medical emergency for which correct immediate diagnosis and introduction of specific therapies are critical for survival and prognosis. Here, the authors review the current... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2017;4:24-7. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2016.34
    Published on: 20 Feb 2017  | Viewed:2377  | Downloaded:336
    +HTML| PDF
  • Guidelines|Open Access

    Treatment guidelines of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy in China

    Li-Ying Cui , Chuan-Qiang Pu , Xue-Qiang Hu
    Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy, or chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) is an acquired immune-mediated inflammatory disorder at the peripheral nervous system, in which the progression is chronic and also remission relapse. In most cases, it is also... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2017;4:20-3. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2016.14
    Published on: 20 Feb 2017  | Viewed:1371  | Downloaded:368
    +HTML| PDF
  • Case Report|Open Access

    Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome: single photon emission computerized tomography observations

    Salvadeeswaran Meenakshi-Sundaram , Sathyam Senthilnathan , Kaliappan Gurusamy Srinivasan , Somalinga Nagendran Karthik , Pandi Suresh , Somasundaram Palanirajan
    The authors report clinical correlations of single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) findings in reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy (RPL). These are observations that have not received wide attention in literature. A 31-year-old hypertensive gentleman, on discontinuing... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2017;4:28-32. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2016.12
    Published on: 20 Feb 2017  | Viewed:1060  | Downloaded:88
    +HTML| PDF
  • Original Article|Open Access

    Single low-dose lipopolysaccharide preconditioning: neuroprotective against axonal injury and modulates glial cells

    Ryan C. Turner , Zachary J. Naser , Brandon P. Lucke-Wold , Aric F. Logsdon , Reyna L. Vangilder , Rae R. Matsumoto , Jason D. Huber , Charles L. Rosen
    Aim: Over 7 million traumatic brain injuries (TBI) are reported each year in the United States. However, treatments and neuroprotection following TBI are limited because secondary injury cascades are poorly understood. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration before controlled cortical impact can... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2017;4:6-15. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2016.40
    Published on: 20 Jan 2017  | Viewed:1839  | Downloaded:145
    +HTML| PDF
  • Original Article|Open Access

    Meningeal carcinomatosis: a retrospective analysis of seventy-seven cases

    Feng-Na Chu , Yue Lang , Xiao-Min Sun , Li Cui
    Aim: Meningeal carcinomatosis is a special type of malignant tumor characterized by short survival and poor prognosis. In the present study, the authors aim to analyze the clinical, laboratory data and prognosis of meningeal carcinomatosis patients. Methods: The authors enrolled 77 cases of... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2017;4:1-5. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2016.23
    Published on: 20 Jan 2017  | Viewed:1665  | Downloaded:74
    +HTML| PDF
  • Case Report|Open Access

    Parasellar extra-axial cavernoma mimicking meningioma: a case report

    Arun Oommen , Thara Pratap , Sushil Chandi , Muhammed Jasim Abdul Jalal
    Parasellar extra-axial cavernomas are rare lesions. The authors report a case of extra-axial cavernoma in a 50-year-old male patient, who presented with occipital headache and double vision. The magnetic resonance imaging showed an enhancing extra-axial dural-based mass in the left parasellar... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2017;4:16-9. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2016.49
    Published on: 20 Jan 2017  | Viewed:2053  | Downloaded:170
    +HTML| PDF
Neuroimmunology and Neuroinflammation Print ISSN: 2347-8659; Online ISSN: 2349-6142
Quick Links
  • OAE Publishing Inc. (OAE) is an online open-access publisher specializing in the publication of biomedical peer-reviewed journals...

  • Contact us
  • Leave feedback
Partners
Copyright © 2017 OAE Publishing Inc. All Rights Reserved.