Articles
  • Case Report|Open Access

    Cerebral fat embolism syndrome after long bone fracture due to traffic accident: a case report

    Xing-Yong Chen, Jian-Ming Fan, Ming-Feng Deng, Ting Jiang, Feng Luo
    Cerebral fat embolism syndrome (CFES) is an uncommon but serious complication of long bone fracture. We reported a 19-year-old male patient who sustained CFES due to multiple limbs long bone fractures after a traffic accident injury. He gradually developed into coma within 24 h after his injury.... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2018;5:31. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2018.23
    Published on: 1 Aug 2018  | Viewed:82  | Downloaded:10
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  • Review|Open Access

    Therapeutic approach targeting apolipoprotein E binding region and low-density lipoprotein receptor for Alzheimer’s disease

    Michael Leon, Darrell Sawmiller, Brian Giunta, Jun Tan
    Approximately 13% of the population over the age of 65 years is estimated to have AD. The total number of cases is expected to increase over the coming decades. The apolipoprotein E (ApoE) genotype is the greatest genetic determinant for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) development. The ApoE4 allele... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2018;5:30. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2018.26
    Published on: 31 Jul 2018  | Viewed:202  | Downloaded:7
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  • Review|Open Access

    Immunotherapy for pediatric brain tumors

    Daniel B. Landi, Eric M. Thompson, David M. Ashley
    Immunotherapy, while effective against lymphoid cancers and some solid tumors, has shown less benefit against pediatric brain tumors. Tumor heterogeneity, a suppressive immune microenvironment, and the blood-brain barrier have the potential to diminish any immune-based approach and limit... Read more
    This article belongs to the Special Issue Immunotherapeutic Approaches for Treatment of Brain Tumors
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2018;5:29. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2018.35
    Published on: 23 Jul 2018  | Viewed:977  | Downloaded:81
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  • Case Report|Open Access

    Streptococcus gallolyticus meningocephalitis in adults: the first case report in China

    Yue-Man Dai, Min Zhao, Hong-Ji Lu, Li-Xin Wan
    We report on the first case of a Streptococcus gallolyticus meningocephalitis in China. The bacterium was first isolated from the patient’s cerebrospinal fluid and has so far not been associated with human infections of the central nervous system. We hope our case report can give some references... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2018;5:28. | doi:10.20517//2347-8659.2018.09
    Published on: 16 Jul 2018  | Viewed:562  | Downloaded:4
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  • Review|Open Access

    Photodynamic therapy mediated immune therapy of brain tumors

    Henry Hirschberg, Kristian Berg, Qian Peng
    Photodynamic therapy of tumors requires the topical, systemic or oral administration of a photosensitizing compound,illumination of the tumor area by light of a specific wavelength and the presence of oxygen. Light activation of the photosensitizer transfers energy to molecular oxygen creating... Read more
    This article belongs to the Special Issue Immunotherapeutic Approaches for Treatment of Brain Tumors
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2018;5:27. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2018.31
    Published on: 10 Jul 2018  | Viewed:641  | Downloaded:50
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  • Technical Note|Open Access

    Classification of brain tumor using devernay sub-pixel edge detection and k-nearest neighbours methodology

    Ayush Arora, Ritesh Kumar, Shubham Tiwari, Mysore Shwetha, Selvam Venkatesan, Ramesh Babu
    Any disease can be treated only once it is imaged, detected and classified. This paper proposes a set of algorithms for classification of a brain tumor with better accuracy and efficiency. The proposal uses a JPEG format of the DICOM image fed into three stages namely pre-processing, segmentation... Read more
    This article belongs to the Special Issue Immunotherapeutic Approaches for Treatment of Brain Tumors
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2018;5:26. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2018.11
    Published on: 19 Jun 2018  | Viewed:495  | Downloaded:20
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  • Review|Open Access

    A concise review of immunotherapy for glioblastoma

    Omer Sager, Ferrat Dincoglan, Selcuk Demiral, Bora Uysal, Hakan Gamsiz, Bahar Dirican, Murat Beyzadeoglu
    Glioblastoma (GB) is the most common and aggressive form of primary brain tumors in adults with a universally poor prognosis despite multimodal management including surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Among the novel therapeutic strategies, immunotherapy deserves particular attention... Read more
    This article belongs to the Special Issue Immunotherapeutic Approaches for Treatment of Brain Tumors
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2018;5:25. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2018.12
    Published on: 15 Jun 2018  | Viewed:493  | Downloaded:58
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  • Commentary|Open Access

    Commentary on “Depression severity and its predictors among multiple sclerosis patients in Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study”

    Thomas Müller
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2018;5:23. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2018.27
    Published on: 7 Jun 2018  | Viewed:309  | Downloaded:15
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Shifting paradigm in brain abscess management at tertiary care centre in Nepal

    Prakash Kafle, Mohan Raj Sharma, Sushil Krishna Shilpakar, Gopal Sedain, Amit Pradhanang, Ram Kumar Shrestha, Binod Raj Bhandari, Christine Groves
    Aim: Brain abscess is a challenging clinical entity with substantial high case fatality rates despite significant advances in imaging techniques, laboratory modalities, surgical interventions, and antimicrobial treatment.Otogenic and cardiogenic sources are among the most common. Classic clinical... Read more
    This article belongs to the Special Issue Updates on neuro-immunological and neuro-inflammatory lesions
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2018;5:24. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2018.10
    Published on: 7 Jun 2018  | Viewed:358  | Downloaded:19
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  • Commentary|Open Access

    Commentary on interactions between neurotropic pathogens, neuroinflammatory pathways, and autophagic neural cell death

    Michaela Cellina, Marcello Orsi
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2018;5:22. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2018.15
    Published on: 5 Jun 2018  | Viewed:273  | Downloaded:15
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Surgical management of clinoidal meningiomas: 10 cases analysis

    Shamsul Alam, Bipin Kumar Chaurasia, Narendra Shalike, Abu Naim Wakil Uddin, Dhiman Chowdhury, Akhlaque Hossain Khan, Ayub Ansari, Kanak Kanti Barua, Mashiur Rahman Majumder
    Aim: The purpose of this article is to advocate standard skull base technique for removing the clinoidal meningioma and to delineate the technique’s advantages that aid in achieving an improved extent of tumor resection and enhancing the patients’ overall outcome, specially their visual outcome.... Read more
    This article belongs to the Special Issue Brain Tumor
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2018;5:21. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2017.64
    Published on: 24 May 2018  | Viewed:967  | Downloaded:31
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  • Case Report|Open Access

    Hypoparathyroidism presenting with late onset seizures - a report of two cases from rural India

    Archana Verma, Alok Kumar
    Hypoparathyroidism leading to hypocalcaemia is an important treatable cause of recurrent seizures. Neurological manifestations due to hypoparathyroidism include: seizures, paresthesia, depression, psychosis, extra pyramidal symptoms, and features of raised intracranial pressure. Seizures may be... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2018;5:20. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2017.65
    Published on: 23 May 2018  | Viewed:270  | Downloaded:18
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  • Editorial|Open Access

    Bone mineral density in patients with multiple sclerosis

    Chrissa Sioka, Andreas Fotopoulos
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2018;5:18. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2018.06
    Published on: 22 May 2018  | Viewed:171  | Downloaded:20
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  • Case Report|Open Access

    Demyelinating central nervous system lesions, following the use of tumor necrosis factor alpha antagonist

    Emmanuel Bogdos, Sofia Markoula, Anastasia Zikou, Paraskevi Voulgari, Aleksandros Drosos, Spyridon Konitsiotis
    Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) antagonists have been a valuable tool in treating patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but reports and case series of neurological adverse events due to TNFα antagonists have been reported. Furthermore, central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma always remains a... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2018;5:19. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2018.07
    Published on: 22 May 2018  | Viewed:239  | Downloaded:18
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  • Commentary|Open Access

    The emerging TDP-43 proteinopathy

    George P. Paraskevas, Mara Bourbouli, Ioannis Zaganas, Elisabeth Kapaki
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2018;5:17. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2018.18
    Published on: 10 May 2018  | Viewed:619  | Downloaded:38
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  • Commentary|Open Access

    Customized autophagy: a long way to go

    Jayantee Kalita, Usha Kant Misra, Alok Kumar
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2018;5:16. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2018.22
    Published on: 7 May 2018  | Viewed:431  | Downloaded:36
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  • Commentary|Open Access

    Sleep disturbance and treatment adherence: commentary on the study by Bosch et al. (2016)

    Kanako Ishizuka, Toshiya Inada
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2018;5:15. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2018.14
    Published on: 26 Apr 2018  | Viewed:216  | Downloaded:34
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Precentral gyrus abnormal connectivity in male and female patients with schizophrenia

    Mahdi Zarei
    Aim: Dysfunction of the precentral gyrus plays a role in the impairments of voluntary movement associated with schizophrenia and it has significantly reduced functional activity in patients with schizophrenia. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the precentral gyrus alteration and its... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2018;5:13. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2018.02
    Published on: 23 Apr 2018  | Viewed:927  | Downloaded:32
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  • Case Report|Open Access

    Very rare upperdorsal intramedullary epidermoid with paraplegia: a case report

    Md. Atikur Rahman, Bipin Kumar Chaurasia, Md. Arif Hossain, Saequa Habib, Kanak Kanti Barua
    Intramedullary upperdorsal epidermoid tumor is very rare. As far as we know, a small number of epidermoid tumors in the spinal cord have been reported in the journal for a long time. Most of the time, the spinal cord epidermoids are intradural extramedullary. We are reporting a case of a... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2018;5:14. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2017.57
    Published on: 23 Apr 2018  | Viewed:563  | Downloaded:24
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  • Commentary|Open Access

    Multiple sclerosis: depression and disability are globally shared issues of concern

    Victor M. Rivera
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2018;5:12. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2018.16
    Published on: 18 Apr 2018  | Viewed:758  | Downloaded:30
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Acetaminophen metabolites p-aminophenol and AM404 inhibit microglial activation

    Wyatt T. Slattery, Andis Klegeris
    Aim: Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by cognitive decline, deposits of amyloid beta and neurofibrillary tangles. Inflammation facilitated by microglia, the resident immune cells of the brain, contribute to the pathogenesis of AD. Epidemiological data... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2018;5:11. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2018.05
    Published on: 12 Apr 2018  | Viewed:1164  | Downloaded:60
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  • Review|Open Access

    MicroRNA-126 is a prospective target for vascular disease

    Mei-Jie Qu, Jia-Ji Pan, Xiao-Jing Shi, Zhi-Jun Zhang, Yao-Hui Tang, Guo-Yuan Yang
    MicroRNA-126 was involved in angiogenesis during physiological and pathological process. It was mainly expressed in endothelial cells, and defined as a pivotal biological molecule associated with vascular disease. Increased microRNA-126 in endothelial cells promotes angiogenesis in ischemic... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2018;5:10. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2018.01
    Published on: 9 Apr 2018  | Viewed:2460  | Downloaded:63
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Applying clustering coefficient to the pattern of international author collaboration in neuroimmunology and neuroinflammation

    Chen-Fang Hsu, Tsair-Wei Chien, Julie Chi Chow, Willy Chou
    Aim: To apply cluster coefficient (CC) to the pattern of international author collaborations in neuroimmunology and neuroinflammation using data from Medline and to visualize results using Google maps and social network analysis (SNA). Methods: Selecting 2799 abstracts, author names, countries,... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2018;5:9. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2018.03
    Published on: 30 Mar 2018  | Viewed:2776  | Downloaded:62
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  • Original Article|Open Access

    Depression severity and its predictors among multiple sclerosis patients in Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study

    Adel Ali Alhazzani, Mohammed Saeed Alqahtani, Hassan Ogran, Osamah Hussain Abuhawi, Abdulrahman Yahya Asiri, Ali Mohammed Al-Hanash, Reem Ali AlQahtany, Adel Ali Alfaifi, Abdullmgeed Abdullah Asiri, Muhannad Ali Asiri
    Aim: To assess depression severity among multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. Methods: Our survey was carried out among a sample of 598 MS patients (35.8% were males and 64.2% were females) from all different regions of KSA. A self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection. The... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2018;5:8. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2017.55
    Published on: 23 Mar 2018  | Viewed:2328  | Downloaded:100
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  • Case Report|Open Access

    Steroids and plasma exchange in Isaacs' syndrome with anti-Caspr2 antibodies

    Daniele Orsucci, Gianfranco Cafforio, Gianluca Moscato, Alessandro Napolitano, Marco Margelli, Monica Mazzoni
    Isaacs’ syndrome is a disease characterized by nerve hyperexcitability. The patients are commonly treated with symptomatic therapies and immunomodulatory approaches, but no clinical trials are available to date. Here, we report the case of an anti-Caspr2-positive patient, presenting with... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2018;5:7. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2017.67
    Published on: 8 Mar 2018  | Viewed:4660  | Downloaded:115
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  • Case Report|Open Access

    Hypodysfibrinogenemia in a young patient with recurrent strokes

    Daniele Orsucci, Stefania Salvetti, Marco Margelli, Michele Puglioli, Marco Vista, Monica Mazzoni
    Stroke is a complex disease, but in some instances is the direct result of a monogenic disease. Here we report the case of a 44-year-old Italian man who experienced recurrent transitory ischemic attacks and strokes. He also had right fetal-type posterior cerebral artery. He was diagnosed with... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2018;5:6. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2017.66
    Published on: 7 Mar 2018  | Viewed:3187  | Downloaded:78
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  • Review|Open Access

    The role of ubiquitinated TDP-43 in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

    Yi Dong, Yan Chen
    Deposition of intracellular ubiquitin inclusion in motor neurons is one of the leading pathogenic mechanisms of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The transactive response DNA binding protein-43 (TDP-43) is the main component of intracellular ubiquitin inclusion bodies in pathological deposits.... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2018;5:5. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2017.47
    Published on: 26 Feb 2018  | Viewed:3354  | Downloaded:182
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  • Review|Open Access

    Clinical application of cerebrospinal fluid cytology in China

    Hong-Zhi Guan, Gang Zhao
    Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cytology is a fundamental test for the diagnosis of central nervous system (CNS) disease in neurological practice in China. CSF cytology provides diagnostic evidence in cases suspected of CNS infectious diseases, autoimmune encephalitis and CNS neoplastic disorders.... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2018;5:4. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2017.52
    Published on: 11 Feb 2018  | Viewed:2790  | Downloaded:81
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  • Case Report|Open Access

    Progressive multifocal leukoencephalitis in a patient with sarcoidosis on hydroxychloroquine with negative cerebrospinal fluid testing for the John Cunningham virus

    Ovais Inamullah, Casey Farin, Linh Tran, Roger McLendon, Mark Skeen, Joel Morgenlander
    Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a severe demyelinating disease of the central nervous system caused by the John Cunningham (JC) virus typically seen in immuno-compromised patients. Several drugs that suppress that immune system have already been known to cause PML such as... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2018;5:3. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2017.61
    Published on: 31 Jan 2018  | Viewed:2752  | Downloaded:75
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  • Review|Open Access

    Interactions between neurotropic pathogens, neuroinflammatory pathways, and autophagic neural cell death

    Priyadarshi Soumyaranjan Sahu, Eunice Ter
    In recent times, there has been a significant increase in studies focusing on immunological functions of autophagy, however, knowledge of its roles and regulations in the central nervous system remains unclear. Present reviews highlight the molecular cross talk between host cell autophagy with... Read more
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2018;5:2. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2017.43
    Published on: 17 Jan 2018  | Viewed:5356  | Downloaded:252
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  • Letter to Editor|Open Access

    Deep learning based computer-aided diagnosis for neuroimaging data: focused review and future potential

    V. B. Surya Prasath
    Neuroimmunol Neuroinflammation 2018;5:1. | doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2017.68
    Published on: 12 Jan 2018  | Viewed:1212  | Downloaded:91
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Neuroimmunology and Neuroinflammation ISSN 2349-6142 (Online), ISSN 2347-8659 (Print)
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